Jammu the word describes its beauty itself . It is the city in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu situated on the banks of river Tawi and the hill ranges of Shivalik and trikuta hills. Jammu is often known for its Religious Temples, shrines etc . According to the past years it was known as Jambu . The name was given by King Raja Jambu Lochan who have ruled the area in 8th Century.
Have a look on the things you Should Know Before Visiting Jammu.
Climatic Conditions :
Like all other northern cities Jammu city favours a subtropical climate with extreme high temperature in summer reaching at 47°C and the same temperature in winter falling below 3°C. The average rainfall in the city falls in the month of june, July and September. In summer the months may and June are very hot and humid where as in winter temperature drops to 3°C causing a huge amount of fog on roads creating inconvenience for the people.
The city has various national highways which connects one state to another . Here highways are fully developed with a high infrastructure and maintained by good development authorities. Jammu city has its own government bus service Jammu and Kashmir state road transport corporation (JKSRTC) apart from this Jammu city also had its local transport popularly known as Matadors so these matadors run on the different routes . Beside this the city also had a transport facility of auto-rickshaw, cycle-rickshaw as well as local taxi.
Whereas Jammu city has its own railway station too proudly known as (JAMMU TAWI).
Above all this Jammu city has its own airport known as Jammu airport . It is located in the middle of Jammu city (SATWARI) Jammu Airport provides direct flight to various cities . It is recorded that Jammu airport operates 30 flights daily including GO-AIR, INDIGO, SPICEJET, AIR-INDIA, VISTARA and many more .
GOVERNMENT OFFICES SCHEDULES:
As we all know that Jammu is the winter capital of state and Kashmir is the summer capital. So in summer ie the month ie from May to October all government offices shifts to Srinagar . Whereas in winter all the government offices shifts to Jammu. And the shifting of offices from one place to another is known as DARBAR-MOVE.
JAMMU SECRETARIAT IMAGE CREDIT GIVEN TO RESPECTIVE OWNERS.
Most of the outsiders people can’t set up their buisness or properties in J&K .The main reason is article 370 which doesn’t allow any outsider to buy or set up his buisness or property in jammu. In Spite of all this Jammu still have a huge amount of industries. In Jammu industrial estate is at Bari -brahmana in which there are large number of factories producing Electronics goods . Bari brahmana also have a rail link that helps it to carry goods to supply it to different parts of India . Apart from this Jammu is also the producer of the delicious ‘BASMATI RICE’. It is produced in Ranbir Singh pura nowadays known as RS pura. It is a place in the outskirts of Jammu region.
According to the census reports the population of Jammu city is 502,197 which comprises of 53.7% of male population and rest of the 47.3% consists of female population. Religion in Jammu region.
Hinduism = 81.19%
Sikhism = 8.83%
Islam = 7.95%
Christianity = 1.3%
Tourism is the back-bone of Jammu . All the routes going to Kashmir,Doda, poonch, bhaderwah and ladakh starts from the Jammu city . It has also a local point of Pilgrim going to Mata Vaishno Devi katra. That’s why the city remains full throughout the year . As we have already discussed Jammu City is known for its temples and shrines. Apart from this Jammu city is also known for its scenic beauty . The atmosphere of the city is like that it attract every visitor towards it .
Have A Look Towards The Major Spot In Jammu Region
[a] MATA VAISHNO DEVI BHAWAN (KATRA) :
The wonderful shrine is located in trikuta hills of Jammu region . Vaishno Devi is a temple of Hindu goddess popularly known as MATARANI. The distance from the Katra city to Bhavan is 13.5km. From Katra there are various modes of transportation available for the devotees to reach Bhavan. These include palki, electric- vehicles, ponies, as well as ropeways. Whereas helicopter service is available from sanjichat which is 9.5km from Katra . In between Katra city and bhavan there come various temples like Adh-kuvari, Charan-paduka. The road made for Yatra is clear and have well illuminated lights, dustbins, restaurants as well as toilets . The vaishno Devi shrine attracts millions of devotees every year.
[b] MANDA ZOO :
It is situated on the front side of Hari niwas palace . The zoo is surrounded by a lush green plants . The zoo has a variety of many animals,birds, and reptiles. Such as Bar headed geese ( Rajhans), Vulture, Peacock, Owls, Eagles, Deer, ducks, crocodile, Cheetal, Nilgai, leopard, python, Black-and-white Partridge, (kala-teetar)Himalayan black bear, popularly known as Haput in kashmiri language. In Spite of all this the zoo also have a variety of butterflies . Exotic birds are also seen on this zoo.
[c] MANSAR LAKE :
Mansar lake is situated around 62 km away from Jammu. Mansar is actually a lake covered by lush green trees.Mansar lake is a well known picnic destination in Jammu. The cemented path along the lake side is well illuminated with best views. There is also a wildlife sanctuary around it which contains some endangered species like Nilgai, Deer and birds. Apart from tourist spot Mansar is also a holy site. It is believed that on the Eastern side of lake there is a sheshnag ( a snake consists of six heads) there are various ancient temples around it so Tourist in mansar can enjoy boat ride, camel riding etc.
[d] PATNITOP AND NATHATOP (THE HEAVEN OF JAMMU)
Patnitop is actually a hill station located in Jammu and Kashmir state . It’s approximately 112 km away from Jammu. It’s located in Shivalik hills of Jammu. The spot is covered by a densely trees . Approx 14 km away there is a another place Nathatop it’s also a hill station same like Patnitop. Both are famous for its scenic views covered by Himalayan mountains. These place offers a variety of roadside eatables which are literally delicious. Apart from all this you can also do paragliding in these places . The main fun of visiting Patnitop and Nathatop is in winters because during this the area receives a large amount of snowfall.
[e] BAHU FORT
Bahu fort is situated in the city of Jammu on the riverfronts of river tawi. It is the temple of Hindu goddess Kali Maa . Bahu fort is popularly known as bawe wali mata in Jammu . Bahu fort was built in earlier 19th century by Raja Gulab Singh and later on the fort was renovated by maharaja Gulab singh during the Dogra empire.Bahu fort is also famous for its religious shrine as well as pleasant view . On the back side of Bahu fort . There is a beautiful garden popularly known as Bagh e Bahu. From this garden there is a beautiful view of whole Jammu city. The garden has a large variety of flowers . The main things which attracts the visitors towards it are fountains, it’s panoramic views, beautiful lake and one of the famous thing of bagh e bahu it’s Fish Aquarium.
[f] RANBIRESHWAR TEMPLE
Ranbireshwar temple is the biggest lord shiva temple in North India located in Jammu city. It is a very ancient temple located on Shalimar road near new secretariat. The temple was built in 1883 by Maharaja Gulab Singh and was dedicated to lord shiva. The temple has a shivling of 8 feet long height . It’s the biggest shiv ling in North India.
[g] AMAR MAHAL
Jammu was once a princely state famous for its forts, palaces and temples.Amar mahal is situated on the right banks of river tawi which provides a panoramic view . It is located near the the heritage hotel Hari Singh palace the lifeline of Jammu city. The architecture of the fort was planned by a French architecture in 1862. And finally in 1890s it’s construction work starts . After the death of late Maharaja Hari Singh (son of Raja Amar Singh) his son Karan Singh and his wife Yasho RajyaLakshmi converted the palace into a well designed museum . The museum was inaugurated by the hon’ble Prime minister of India smt Indira Gandhi on 13 april 1975. Various educational institutions visit this palace and museum to gather information about state Jammu.
[h] RAGHUNATH MANDIR
It is Hindu temple located in the old part of Jammu with the north side of river Tawi . The temple is famous all over world it was constructed by the first Dogra ruler Maharaja Gulab Singh in the year 1835 and later it was completed by his son Maharaja Ranbir singh in 1860 so The premise of temple include a school and library that has over 6000 manuscripts in many indian languages.
[i] MUBARAK MANDI PALACE ( THE HERITAGE OF JAMMU CITY )
The oldest palace in Jammu is Mubarak Mandi palace . Mubarak Mandi palace was the royal residence of Maharajas of Jammu . Mubarak Mandi palace was built in the late 1824 during the Dogra dynasty . This palace is a mixture of Rajasthani and European architecture as well as Mughal styles . The palace has a Darbar hall, hawa Mahal, pink hall, gol ghar and Sheesh Mahal.
Pink hall is a place where the Dogra art museum is placed. It have a rich collection of containing various paintings of the state . Another reason why it is called as pink hall is that because the walls of this hall are pink plaster.